What is Crypto Wallet? | Hot & Cold Wallets

Hot/Cold Wallet

Crypto wallets allow crypto investors to store and use their crypto assets. When investors buy a cryptocurrency, they can store it in a crypto wallet or use the crypto wallet to make transfers. A crypto wallet is a tool that allows you to communicate with a blockchain network.

Backing up crypto wallets prevents you from losing if something happens to your computer, phone, or tablet. At the same time, it is important to keep your keys in a safe place, which is necessary for accessing the crypto wallet, so that you can securely access your account in case you forget your key or your device is stolen.

Each type of crypto wallet has its advantages and disadvantages. Before transferring your crypto assets to a type of wallet, knowing how it works, its advantages and disadvantages will provide you with significant advantages.

Let’s examine crypto wallets under two headings according to their working principles.

Hot Wallets

Hot wallets work connected to the internet. Mobile, Web, and Desktop crypto wallets are in the hot wallet class. The most important advantage of using a hot wallet is that you can instantly transfer cryptocurrencies if there is an internet connection. These wallets are very easy to set up and have quick access to assets, making them a useful option for traders. Although hot wallets provide ease of use, the defense mechanisms of hot wallets against attacks are not very good. Therefore, hot wallet users should be more careful against attacks. Hot wallets are used as Mobile, Web, and Desktop wallet types. These wallets are hot and differ from each other in terms of their usage methods.

Cold Wallets

An internet connection is not required to use cold wallets. A physical medium is used to store private wallet keys offline. This method is also known as cold storage. Being offline also makes cold wallets safe from cyberattacks. Because cold wallets are used offline, it takes more time to process transactions through a cold wallet. Cold wallets are not liked by users because they do not allow fast trading. There are wallets available to circumvent the access difficulty. The key to these wallets can be integrated without logging into online platforms and direct access to the wallets can be provided. By integrating these wallets, you can overcome the access challenge. Unlike hot and cold wallets, there are crypto wallets according to their usage patterns. Cold wallets differ according to the way they are used.

These are Hardware, Paper, and Software wallets. The working systems of these wallet types are the same, and the materials they use physically are different.

What are Public and Private Keys?

“Private Key” is a cryptographic key created as a 256-bit alphanumeric (series of numbers, letters) to transfer the coins you have in your wallet and to access your wallet. When you create a wallet for the first time, a private key is generated for your wallet using mathematical functions. If you lose this key, you cannot reach your wallet. For this reason, you should back up and store your Private Key securely.

“Public Key” is an alphanumeric cryptographic key derived from Private Key using mathematical functions. Public Keys are keys that can be seen by everyone. You must share this key with the other party in order to make a transfer. Public keys always start with the number 1. We can compare it to the SWIFT or IBAN you use to make a transfer via a bank.

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